The history of Cartagena de Indias

Cartagena de Indias has been founded the 1st June 1533 by Pedro Heredia. Cartagena has become prospect because of the gold, emeralds exploitation and other riches. It was also a commercial port for the boats navigating from Peru to Cuba and then to Spain. Unfortunately, the city has been reduce to ash in 1552. After that, Heredia has forbidden and building construction other than brick, tiles and rocks.

The prosperity of Cartagena de Indias has attracted the interest of pirates. And the first pirate attack was those from the French Roberto Baal. After the next years, Cartagena has known other attacks by John Hawkins, the Juan brothers and Martin Cote, and Francis Drake. After these attacks, a wall has been built around the city. Cartagena has become the most protected city in South America. The Spanish conceived forts, batteries and castles thanks to the ingenuity of their architects and the Italians. Finally, the work has been done be African slaves.




The characters and historical dates

Discover the important dates and historical characters of Cartagena de Indias. We present to you those who strongly marked the city:


- The colonization

- The independence

- The republic

- Importante dates

- Historical characters